Artificial Intelligence could be defined as that the mechanism for include human intelligence into machines through a group of rules(algorithm). “Artificial” means something not real which is created by humans or non-natural things and “Intelligence” means the flexibility to grasp or think accordingly.
Goals of computing
1. Replicate human intelligence
2. Solve Knowledge-intensive tasks
3. An intelligent connection of perception and action
4. Building a machine which might perform tasks that needs human intelligence
Types of AI :
- Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI)
- Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)
- Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI)
Types of AI Agents
- Simple Reflex Agent
- Model-based reflex agent
- Goal-based agents
- Utility-based agent
- Learning agent
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN EDUCATION
1.AI can automate the basic activities in education,like Grading.
In college, grading homework and tests for giant lecture courses are often tedious work, even when TAs split it between them. Even in lower grades, teachers often find that grading takes up a big amount of your time, time that would be wont to interact with students.
Today, essay-grading software is still in its infancy and roughly up to par, yet it can (and will) improve over the approaching years, allowing teachers to focus more on in-class activities and student interaction than grading.
2. Educational software is adapted to student needs.
From kindergarten to grad school, one amongst the key ways AI will impact education is thru the appliance of greater levels of individualized learning.
A number of this can be already happening through growing numbers of adaptive learning programs, games, and software. These systems reply to the requirements of the scholar, putting greater emphasis on certain topics, repeating things that students haven’t mastered, and customarily helping students to figure at their own pace, whatever that will be.
3. It can imply places where courses have to improve.
This type of system helps to fill within the gaps in explanation that may occur in courses, and helps to make sure that each one students are building the identical conceptual foundation.
Instead of waiting to listen to back from the professor, students get immediate feedback that helps them to know an idea. These programs can teach students fundamentals, but to date aren’t ideal for helping students learn high-order thinking and creativity, something that real-world teachers are still required to facilitate.
4.Students could get additional support from Artificial Intelligence Tutors.
Yet that shouldn’t rule out the likelihood of AI tutors having the ability to try to to these items within the future.Some schools, especially those with online offerings, are using AI systems to watch student progress and to alert professors when there can be a difficulty with student performance.
5.AI driven programs can give students and educators helpful feedback.
These types of AI systems allow students to induce the support they have and for professors to seek out areas where they’ll improve instruction for college kids who may struggle with the topic matter.
AI programs at these schools aren’t just offering advice on individual courses, however. Some are working to develop systems that may help students to settle on majors supported areas where they succeed and struggle. While students don’t need to take the recommendation, it could mark a brave new world of school major selection for future students.
6. It’s altering how we discover and interact with information.
We rarely even notice the AI systems that affect the data we see and find on a routine interests and shopping preferences. These types of intelligent systems play a giant role in how we interact with information in our personal and professional lives, and will just change how we discover and use information in schools and academia similarly.
Over the past few decades, AI-based systems have already radically changed how we interact with information and with newer, more integrated technology, students within the future may have vastly different experiences doing research and looking out up facts than the scholars of today.
7. It could change the role of teachers.
There will always be a job for teachers in education, but what that role is and what it entails may change because of new technology within the kind of intelligent computing systems.
As we’ve already discussed, AI can take over tasks like grading, can help students improve learning, and should even be a substitute for real-world tutoring. Yet AI may well be adapted to several other aspects of teaching similarly.
AI systems might be programmed to produce expertise, serving as an area for college students to ask questions and find information or could even potentially take the place of teachers for very basic course materials.
In most cases, however, AI will shift the role of the teacher to it of facilitator. Teachers will supplement AI lessons, assist students who are struggling, and supply human interaction and hands-on experiences for college students. In many ways, technology is already driving a number of these changes within the classroom, especially in schools that are online or embrace the flipped classroom model.
8. AI can make trial-and-error learning less intimidating.
Trial and error may be a critical a part of learning, except for many students, the thought of failing, or perhaps not knowing the solution, is paralyzing. Some simply don’t like being placed on the spot ahead of their peers or authority figures sort of a teacher.
An intelligent automatic data processing system, designed to assist students to be told, may be a much less daunting thanks to accommodate trial and error. AI could offer students how to experiment and learn during a relatively judgment-free environment, especially when AI tutors can give solutions for improvement.
Smart data gathering, powered by intelligent computer systems, is already making changes to how colleges interact with prospective and current students. From recruiting to helping students choose the most effective courses, intelligent computer systems are helping make every a part of the school experience more closely tailored to student needs and goals.